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        Cashew or guava monkeys originating from Brazil are distributed in the tropics and are found at altitudes between 1-1200 meters above sea level. Cashew will bear fruit better in arid climates and rainfall of less than 500 mm per year. This plant can grow on all sorts of soils as long as it is not on dense, waterlogged loams. Trees, 8 to 12 m high have branches and branches that have many branches.

·         The stem is curved, woody, gummy, and branching starts from its base.

·         Single stemmed leaves, 4-22.5 cm long, 2.5-15 cm wide. The leaf blades are breech ovate, flat edges, tapered base, rounded tip with a small notch in the middle, pinnate bony and green in color.

·         One-housed flowers have female flowers and male flowers, arranged in the shape of panicles, coming out in the armpits of the leaves or at the ends of the branching

·         The fruit is a stone fruit, hard, curved. The fruit stalk will gradually bubble into a soft pseudo-fruit like a pear, yellow sometimes stained red tastes sweet rather quickly, contains a lot of water and is fibrous.

·         Elliptical seeds curved flattened, dark brown color.

The wood can be used as building materials, earthen household appliances and handicrafts. Bark is used in the batik industry or for tanning materials at the point where young leaves can be eaten as a dish. The pseudo-fruit tastes astringent and can be eaten as rojak, made wine and jam sign drinks.

If it has been processed, the price of cashew seeds is quite expensive, known as cashew nuts. The seed coat contains liquid cells (CNSL). If the liquid hits the mouth, it can cause inflammation. Once treated, cnsl can be used for lubricating agents, soil insecticides, varnish 0, plastics and acoma enten, or grafting.

·         Properties and properties

This plant has many properties for treatment ranging from bark, root leaves of fruit seed plants to petioles, root 0, fruit seeds to tangkal leaves and tangkal fruit.

The following are some parts of the monkey guava plant that are commonly used as medicinal materials.

  •          Bark used for treatment

Frequent urination, diabetes, constipation, canker sores, and acne

  •          Seeds used for treatment

Inflammation of the cervix, toothache, gingivitis, viper bites, and underweight.

  •          Oil used for

Nail rash, earthen ulcers, food poisoning.

  •          Seed coat used for treatment

Skin cancer, cleaning tartar.

  •          Young leaves are used for treatment

High blood pressure diabetes, malaria, rheumatism and canker sores.

Usage example :

  •        Constipated

Wash 10 grams of cashew bark thoroughly, then boil in two glasses of water for 20 minutes. After cooling strain and the filtered water is drunk twice a day

  •          Diabetes

Wash 15 GR of cashew bark thoroughly until the soil is clean, then cut into pieces as necessary. Boil in 3 cups of water until 1 cup remains and point after cooling strain and the filtered water is drunk, twice a day half a glass each

  •       Sore throat

Wash 5 pieces of cashew pseudo thoroughly, then grate. Add 4 tablespoons of cooking water and 2 tablespoons of honey while stirring well. Squeeze out the herb, then strain. Use its filtered water to rinse your mouth 3 times a day, 2 tablespoons each.

  •        Sprue

Wash a handful of young leaves and a piece of cashew bark thoroughly,. Then boil in 1 liter of water until boiling (for) fifteen minutes.cool strain the juice and the juice is ready to drink.the treatment is done 2-3 times, 1 cup each .the boiled water can also be used to gargle.

Note :

·         Skin sap, contains cardol which is toxic and can cause skin irritation.if seseorng removes cashews by biting the outer shell of the seeds, it will feel hot and sore because there is irritation in the lips and oral mucosa.

·         Botanically, the real cashew fruit is the fruit of the geluk, while the fruit usually in rojak is a fruit stalk that swells fleshy.



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