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The exemplary story of Uthman ibn Affan


The exemplary story of Ushman ibn Affan

1. Biography of Uthman ibn Affan

Usman was born in the city of Thaif in 574 AD. Three years younger than Prophet Muhammad SAW. His father was named Affan Bin Abu Al Ash, while his mother was Arwa bin kuris Bin rabiah.

Usman was one of the companions of the prophet who also emigrated to habasyah (Ethiopia). Yes, it also played a big role in the hijra to Medina. With his property, he helped the companions to finance a trip to Medina. On the prophet's side, Usman is both a close friend and a family member. Usman belongs to the Assabiqunal Awwalun (the group that first converted to Islam). Iya is also the son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad SAW. Of his two daughters, namely rukoyah and Ummu Kulsum. Because of his marriage in these two daughters of the Prophet, Uthman was dubbed as dzun nurain meaning one who had two lights.

Uthman ibn Affan was a very Generous man. Uthman's generosity that is always remembered is when he donated almost all of his property to finance the Muslim army in the Tabuk War. At that time, Usman donated 950 camels and 70 horses, plus 1000 dirhams of private donations to the Tabuk War, the value was equal to one-third of the cost of the war.

2. Uthman ibn Affan became caliph

As caliph when Umar was ill Then he made up his mind by appointing a Deliberative Body composed of people who were recognized and promised by the Messenger of Allah as people who entered heaven without hisab. The council is called the Shura council. The members of the Shura council were Ali Bin Abi Talib, Usman bin Affan, saad Bin waqqas, Abdurrahman bin Auf, Zubair bin awwam, and talhah bin Ubaidillah bin Umar.

When Umar died, the people he chose and headed by Abdurrahman bin Auf gathered. Abdurrahman bin Auf went the way by asking each member and got the sound of the Ko Ma sign where all agreed and declared an oath of allegiance to Uthman bin Affan. Uthman ibn Affan was appointed caliph on Monday, the end of the month of Dzulhijjah in the year 23 Hijri. Once he became caliph, Uthman immediately performed his duties. The first step he took was to raise allowances to the people and former Islamic fighters. The Caliph also ordered to form a tax society. The establishment of this tax institution was one of the very important updates carried out by Caliph Usman. Uthman bin Affan confirmed several Governors in several regions namely Nafi bin Abdul Maris in Mecca, Sufyan bin Abdullah in thoif, Abdullah bin Abi rabiah in aljun, Usman Bin Abil ashni Bahrain, mughirah bin Sha'ban in Kuwait, Abu Musa bin Abdullah in basroh/Iran, muawiyah Bin Abu Sufyan in damascus/iraq, jala bin hypocrites in San a, Umar bin sa'ad in Emesse, and Amru Bin Ash in Egypt.

3. The reign of Uthman ibn Affan

The reign of Uthman ibn Affan included two periods lasting 6 years each. The period of the first 6 years was marked by success over the expansion of Islamic territory. The second 6-year period was marked by domestic upheavals and uprisings. At the time of Uthman ibn Affan, the Muslims continued their conquests. Uthman bin Affan continued the policy of Umar Bin Khattab. Conquering takes place over land and sea routes. Uthman ibn Affan then ordered muawiyah Bin Abu Sufyan to form a navy. The expansion of muslim territories is mecca, Surya, Basrah, and kuffah.

The warlord involved in the expansion of Islamic territory is Abdullah bin Abi Sarah He was Amru Bin Ash's successor as governor of Egypt. Muawiyah Bin Abu Sufyan He was the Son of Abu Sufyan bin harb he managed to control amurya and the island of Cyprus in 33 Hijri 653 AD. Umair ibn Uthman in 29 Hijri 649 AD, he managed to master vergana. Abdullah alaysi Iya managed to take control of kabul. Abdullah At Tamimi led muslim forces to control Hindustan. The area was originally controlled by Hindus. Successfully mastered jurjan. Abdullah bin Amir led muslim forces to face the Yazdajird rebellion in kirman.

During the caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan precisely in the year 26 Hijri, he managed to record the Koran; The caliph formed a council team consisting of Zaid Bin Tsabit, Abdullah bin Zubair, Said bin as, Abdurrahman Bin Haris after successfully then disseminating the Koran to Mecca Medina, Basrah and Surya. In addition, the caliph also continued construction and expansion and renovated the Grand Mosque and the Nabawi Mosque from the previous caliph.

In the economic field Uthman bin Affan carried out policies including the creation of waterways and the construction of roads as well as the construction of ports on the Syrian Peninsula, tripoli, and Barca in North Africa, managing zakat, providing compensation to the community and providing pension funds.

4. Death of Uthman ibn Affan

Uthman bin Affan Martyr at the hands of the rebels who succeeded in inciting the Muslims, namely Abdullah bin Saba. Uthman ibn Affan sacrificed his soul as a sacrifice for Muslim solidarity. During his lifetime, Caliph Usman was known as a very sholeh man. Caliph Usman always got up for evening prayers and spent his time reciting the Koran. When he died, Usman's hand even still held the Koran. His moral glory Is beyond doubt by anyone. To other friends, the prophet did not hesitate to praise the glory of Usman's ethics.


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