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The Indonesian Education System After Independence



After centuries of Dutch colonialism and Japanese occupation, Indonesia finally achieved its independence in 1945. The country was then divided among the newly formed nations of Indonesia, as well as the Netherlands, as a result of the Treaty of Yogyakarta. This treaty delineated the national boundaries, provided for general autonomy for each of the new countries, and established a system of education for Indonesians to be administered by the new government. In this blog post, we will be discussing the pre-independence education system in Indonesia, the independence education system in Indonesia, and the effects of the new education system on Indonesians.


The Pre-Independence Education System in Indonesia

Indonesia gained its independence from the Dutch in 1945. At this time, it was decided that the country would have its own education system, which would be based on Islamic values and teachings. The British education system was used until this point, and it was decided that it would be replaced by the new Indonesian education system. The new system was officially launched in 1956 and is still in use today. It has undergone various changes and adaptations over the years, but the core principles of the system have remained the same. Education in Indonesia is now compulsory for students from elementary school level onwards, and is divided into five stages: elementary school, junior high school, high school, university, and specialist school.


The Independence Education System in Indonesia

Indonesia's independence education system is widely acclaimed as one of the best in the world. After a massive reform project in the years following World War II, the system is now ranked as high as 5th in the world by the Education at a Glance report. To be admitted into a top school, students now must pass one of Indonesia's tough entrance exams. This system has resulted in a highly-rated education system that prepares students for the new democracy and economy. With such a competitive system in place, it's no wonder that students from all over Indonesia strive to get into the best schools. Good luck!


The Effects of the New Education System on Indonesians

Indonesia's education system underwent a dramatic change after independence in 1945. This new system was designed to create a strong national identity and promote socialism. The results of the new education system have been mixed, with many Indonesians feeling disconnected from their government. There are now efforts being made to return the education system to its original form, which may help improve relationships between Indonesians and their government. In the meantime, students are continuing to pursue education at all levels, despite the difficulties they face. This is a testament to the indomitable spirit of the Indonesian people, who are constantly striving for progress and development.



Indonesia's education system has undergone a lot of changes in the past few years as the country strives to become more standardized and accessible. This is good news for students looking to pursue higher education in Indonesia or abroad, as the system is now more tailored to their needs. English tuition is also on the rise, so it's important to be proactive and plan for university if you want to study in this language. Additionally, there is now a lot of focus on scientific and technical education, which is good news for students looking to pursue careers in these fields. Overall, Indonesia's education system is becoming more standardized and accessible, making it an increasingly popular choice for international students.


Frequently Asked Questions


What were the major changes brought about by Indonesia's independence in 1945?

Indonesia's independence in 1945 brought about a number of major changes to the education system in the country. One of the most notable of these changes was the attempt towards pluralism in education with different schools of thought being taught side by side. This allowed for students to learn from different perspectives and made it easier for them to compare and contrast ideas. After independence, there was also an effort made towards quality education that would prepare students for the challenges of a global market place. This led to an increase in tuition rates across Indonesia, as schools began to adopt more western values and methods. However, as of late there has been an effort made to revert back to more traditional teachings in order to help Indonesian students be more competitive in a global market.


Are there any disadvantages associated with studying in Indonesia, compared to other countries?

There are some definite disadvantages associated with studying in Indonesia as a university student. For example, many students in Indonesia are required to have at least a high school diploma or equivalent. This is due to the country's stringent educational system which is often difficult and takes a long time to get good grades. Furthermore, students who study in Indonesia often find themselves struggling with language barriers, cultural clashes, and bureaucracy. It can be hard to fit in and make friends when you don't know the local language, and you're likely to feel out of place if you don't share the same cultural roots as your classmates.



After reading this blog, you will have a better understanding of the Indonesian education system pre-independence, independence, and the effects of the new education system on Indonesians. Additionally, you will have a better idea of the implications of the education system on Indonesian society as a whole. In short, this blog was designed to provide clarity and insight into one of the most important aspects of Indonesian history. So whether you are a student or an adult interested in Indonesian education, read on!

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