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Islamic figures in the three fields of science


                     Muffasir Scholars (Experts)

   Many Islamic figures who play an important role in the science of commentary, they wrote several books that can be studied today, without the science of interpretation we may not know what the meaning of the verses of the Qur'an are. or the method used by mufassir scholars in interpreting the Qur'an, including using 2 methods:

      1.Tafsir bil matsur 

    The bil matsur interpretation method is a method that is carried out by relying on the Qur'an, the hadith of the prophet, and the ijtihad of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad Saw

      2. Interpretation of beer ra'yi

     The method of Tafsir bir ra'yi is a method that is carried out by relying on ra'yi (mind) or personal opinion.

Among the many scholars of commentators, there are several scholars who are famous and their books are often used as references for Muslims, especially religious institutions such as Islamic boarding schools, ta'lim assemblies, etc.

A. Imam ath-Tabari

      The first is Imam ath-Tabari, he was born in 224 H in Tabaristan, has the full name of Abu Ja'far Muhammad bin Jarir bin Yazid bin Katsir bin Ghalib bin Ath-Tabari. Imam Ath-Tabari excels in various sciences, including: Hadith, Tafsir, Qiraat and History.

His excellence cannot be separated from his long learning process, at a young age he traveled to seek knowledge to various regions and places such as Iraq, Syria and Egypt.

Because of his breadth of knowledge and depth of knowledge, he earned the titles "Abu Tafsir" (Father of Tafsir) and "Abu Li Date of Islam" (Father of Islamic History).

   His famous books include:

  • al-qira'at  book
  • he book of ikhtilaful ulama
  • book at-tafsir
  • adadu wa al-tanzil book

The book of composition in the field of interpretation is the book of Jami al-bayan fi exegesis of the Qur'an or better known as Tafābari's interpretation.

Imam ath-Tabari died in Baghdad in 310 H, at the age of 76 years. Allahummagfirlahu war hamhu wa a'fihi wa'fu anhu amen.

B.Imam ibn Kathir

  The second is Imam ibn Kathir, born in 710 H in a part of the city of Basrah in the area of ​​Sham. His full name is Imaddudin Ismail bin Umar bin Kathir bin Al-Qurasyi al-Buhrawi ad-dimasyqi. He is called "Abu Firda". ".

  When he was 4 years old, his father died and he was raised by his uncle.At the age of 5 years moved from the place of his birth and settled in Damasqus.In Damasqus he was active in seeking knowledge, studying with scholars in the city, including Sheikh Burhanuddin Ibrahim al-Fazari, Ibn Taymiyah, Ibn Zarrad and so on.Because of his enthusiasm for learning and his tenacity, it is no wonder that he became a scholar of commentary, expert on hadith, historian and well-known fiqh expert in the 8th century H.His book "Tafsir al-qr'an al-adzim" is the most authentic and largest book to date.

   According to most scholars, Ibn Kathir's interpretation is the best interpretation available at this time   because it contains many features, such as the interpretation of the Qur'an with the Qur'an (verse with another verse), the Qur'an with as-sunnah, al-qur'an with the words of the salaf pious scholars (friends and tabi'in). He also wrote several books that are of very high quality and become references today, among other

  •  jami al-masanid
  •   al-bidayah wa nihayah
  •  an overview of ulum al-hadith
  •  in jihadi treatise.                           

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